Efficient and Reliable Solar Electric for Home

How Solar Electric Works

If you’re interested in solar for your home, then researching how solar electric works is vital. So how does a solar electric system convert sunlight into electricity?

Solar electric systems use collectors to receive the sun’s natural radiant energy and converts it for your use. A solar panel is full of photovoltaic cells made of silicon, and this absorbs that energy so it can be used as electricity. These collectors are typically attached to your roof with a ground rack as another option to take in as much sunlight as possible.

Here’s how solar energy works through panels to take in sunlight:

  1. A photovoltaic cell inside of the solar panel absorbs some of the sun’s radiation.
  2. A photon from the sunlight knocks an electron free from the cell.
  3. Electric fields in the panel push the electrons to a metal plate.
  4. The metal plate collects the electrons so they can be used as electricity.

Essentially, the sunlight hits the panel, is absorbed and then converted to electricity. You’ll need more than one panel for your home, depending on how much electricity you need. While panels, inverters, and racks are part of a solar electric system, you can also add batteries for energy storage to allow extra electricity to be collected.

The Best Way to Save on Utilities

The Cost of Solar Electric

Solar electric systems are a smart investment that can lower your utility costs¹ and help the environment at the same time. It can pay back its initial installation costs in as early as 5-7 years. The cost of electricity has only risen and will likely continue to do so, which makes investing in renewable energy sources like solar a smart choice.

Your biggest upfront cost for solar electric systems will be the installation. The solar panels will need to be installed by a professional. The savings on utility costs help your system pay for itself and bring in an impressive return.

A solar electric system requires little maintenance and upkeep. You just need to clear debris from them and clean them to keep them efficient. Solar panels are typically warrantied for 20 years but can last much longer. For peace of mind, you won’t have to worry about replacing them for quite some time after they’re installed.

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Batteries, Inverters and Storage Units

Solar electric systems rely on solar panels to collect energy, but they’re made of more than just panels. Besides solar panels, solar electric systems use inverters to turn the direct current electricity they produce into alternating current that you can use. Adding a battery solution can store your solar energy if you require it. This allows you access to backup power when needed.

Energy storage systems are designed to bank excess energy instead of feeding it directly to the grid. Designed properly, they can fully integrate into any power generation source. They’re also low maintenance compared to other backup power sources like generators. Solar + storage systems require less upkeep and don’t rely on fossil fuels to operate as a generator does. They’re safe and efficient ways to store and manage energy, so you’re in control of your consumption.

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Benefits of Solar Electric

solar panels installed on car parking structures on a sunny day
Fast Payback

Solar electric systems can pay back their installation cost in as early as 5-7 years.

Low Maintenance

Solar panels are low maintenance systems. You’ll just need to make sure that debris isn’t blocking the panel’s access to sunlight so it can take in as much as possible.


Solar panels can last over 20 years under normal use.


Solar energy helps shrink your carbon footprint and doesn’t produce emissions.

Boosts Property Values

Often many home-buyers are willing to pay a premium for houses that already have solar panels installed.

Lowers Utility Bills

Having solar electricity can drastically lower your monthly utility bill.

Solar Electric FAQs

rows of solar panels installed on a building roof

The Costs of Solar Electric Systems

Is solar cheaper than electricity?

A solar electric system can be a good investment, especially if you want to minimize your environmental impact and help save you money on utilities. If you’re looking for long-term financial benefits, solar can be the cheapest way to heat a pool. You can read more about solar electric and its costs on our blog!

Can solar power replace electricity?

Yes, but if you want to rely completely on solar for electricity, you’ll need to do some math to figure out how many panels that will require.

How much do solar panels save on electricity bills?

The amount of money you can save with solar will depend on a few factors: where you live, how much electricity you use and how many panels you need to install. If you do some math with your electricity bill² and calculate your panels’ performance³, you’ll have a better idea of your savings.

rows of solar panels on a home roof

Solar Electric Maintenance and Repair

Are solar panels expensive to maintain?

Not at all. If you clear debris and make sure nothing is blocking your panels, they’ll be more efficient with absorbing sunlight.

How long do solar panels last?

Solar panels can last over 20 years, which is one of the main ways they’re cost-effective. Other components like batteries and inverters can last almost as long, so they may only need to be replaced once during the life of your solar panels.

Will solar panels damage my roof?

Not if they’re installed by a professional. When correctly installed, the panels will be secured and cause no damage to the roof.

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Solar Electric System Installation

Who installs solar panels?

Professional solar energy experts can advise you on how many solar panels you need and install the solar electric system at your home.

How do I get replacement parts for my panels?

You can contact us and we’ll connect you with a dealer who can supply you with the parts you need for your panels.

What needs to be installed for my system besides solar panels?

Inverters, conduits and cabling are all part of a solar electric system. Racking will also need to be installed to secure the panels to your roof. You can also install a battery with your system for backup power. A dealer can help if you have more questions about the installation process.


Solar Electric You Can Rely On


“They not only produce a great product, but they care about the people that have purchased them.”

Shauna | Arizona


“We moved and found another UMA dealer right next to our new house. We had such a good experience in our first home upgrade that we couldn’t wait to work with them again!”

Bill | Florida


“The ongoing support and honest warranty are what sets UMA apart from the others. Thanks, UMA!”

Tom | Texas


“Amazing customer service. Always helpful and on time with deliveries.”

Amanda | Florida


“UMA’s solar pool heating panels have been proven to resist the rigorous climate here in the desert!”

Steve | California


“My neighbors ended up with roof damage during installation with a bad dealer!! Thankfully, the UMA Solar dealer we worked with was an expert and took care of everything for us.”

Cheryl | Florida


“Everything we needed to get started with using solar for our pool, we got from UMA.”

Dwayne | California


“I didn’t know anything about solar!! I was totally clueless but now I know so much from working the dealer from UMA. Great experience.”

Debbie | Arizona


“You can always tell when a company cares about their customers, and that’s UMA. Thank you for your awesome customer service!”

Neil | Texas


“Solar is really getting popular, but not all the companies out there are trustworthy. I trust UMA and I’ve always had a positive experience with their products.”

Tina | Florida

Quality Brands

UMA Solar Electric Products

chilicon power


Chilicon Power offers world-class converters and monitoring systems for inverters.



Heliene offers some of the best solar collectors on the market for your solar electric system.

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Simpliphi offers top-of-the-line batteries for your residential or commercial solar needs.

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¹ EnergySage. (2019, October 9). The pros and cons of solar energy: what are the advantages and disadvantages of going solar?. Retrieved June 18, 2020, from https://news.energysage.com/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-solar-energy/

² EnergySage. (2016, March 16). What’s the right way to read your electric bill?. Retrieved June 18, 2020, from https://news.energysage.com/whats-the-right-way-to-read-your-electric-bill/

³ National Renewable Energy Laboratory. PVWatts Calculator. Retrieved June 19, 2020, from https://pvwatts.nrel.gov/